Brai3n onderzoekers, Sven Vanneste en Dirk De Ridder, tonen in een nieuwe wetenschappelijke bijdrage dat tinnitus bestaat uit verschillende subtypes.
Tinnitus is the perception of phantom sound in the absence of a corresponding external source.
It is suggested that the brain undergoes plastic changes in order to adapt to changing environmental needs. Sensory deprivation results in decreased input to the brain leading to adaptive or maladaptive changes. Although several theories hypothesize the mechanism of these adaptive and maladaptive changes, the course of action taken by the brain heavily depends on the age of incidence of damage.
Occipital nerve field (OCF) stimulation with subcutaneously implanted electrodes is used to treat headaches, more generalized pain, and even failed back surgery syndrome via unknown mechanisms. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can predict the efficacy of implanted electrodes.